Flora – In Neora Valley there is a unique variety of tropical, sub-tropical, sub-temperate, and temperate vegetation like wild strawberries, wild white orchids, primulas, yews, hemlocks and about 10 different species of rhododendrons. The common species of Rhododendrons are Rhododendron arboruem, R. barbatum, R.falconeri, R. dalhousiae. The forests in the region consists of diverse variety of bamboo, oak, ferns, sal trees and numerous species of orchids, medicinal plants which grow in abundance. A number of species with medicinal value are also found here namely Swertia chirata, Lycopodium spp., Aconitum spp., Aristolochia spp., Berberis cristata, Costus speciosa, Didymocarpus pedicellate, Rouwolfia serpentine, etc. Some of the Orchids found in the Neora Valley National Park are genus, Bulbophyllum, Cymbidium, Celogyne, Dendrobium, Eira, Gastrochilus and Pleione.
Fauna – Neora Valley National Park is the home of more than 31 species of mammals, 258 species of birds, 276 species of insects, 38 species of other invertebrates including 6 species of leeches.
Mammals – The National Park is home to many endangered species like the red panda, the musk deer, and the clouded leopard. The animals found in the park are leopard, five species of civet, Indian Gaur, Himalayan Black Bear, sloth bear, golden cat, wild boar, leopard cat, goral, serow, barking deer, sambar, Himalayan flying squirrel and thar. Jaributi is one of the most beautiful spots in Neora Valley which is an ideal place for viewing wildlife movements. According to the 2002 tiger census the park holds 19 majestic big cats.
Birds – Neora Valley National Park is the Bird-watchers paradise due to the presence of varied species of avi-fauna or birds. Due to variation in the altitude ranging from 600ft to 10600 ft. the National Park is the home to t various species of birds. The birds commonly found here are Rufous-throated Partridge, Satyr Tragopan, Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Darjeeling Woodpecker, Bay Woodpecker, Golden-throated Barbet, Hodgson’s Hawk Cuckoo, Lesser Cuckoo, Brown Wood Owl, Ashy Wood Pigeon, Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Jerdon’s Baza, Black Eagle, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Dark-throated Thrush, Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher, White-gorgeted Flycatcher, White-browed Bush Robin, White-tailed Robin, Yellow-browed Tit, Striated Bulbul, Chestnut-headed Tesia, Chestnut-crowned Warbler, Black-faced Warbler, Black-faced Laughingthrush, Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler, Pygmy Wren-Babbler, Rufous-fronted Babbler, Black-headed Shrike Babbler, White-browed Shrike Babbler, Rusty-fronted Barwing, Rufous-winged Fulvetta, Brown Parrotbill, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Fire-tailed Sunbird, Maroon-backed Accentor, Dark-breasted Rosefinch, Red-headed Bullfinch, Gold-naped Finch.
Other Species – Many species of reptiles namely King cobra, common cobra krait, green pit viper, blind snake and lizards are also found. Different varieties of colourful insects such as Butterflies namely Kaiser-I-Hind and Krishna Peacock, spiders, ants, moths, beetles, bees, wasps and bugs cicadas are found in the National Park.